Yes I admit.. I am a lover of the dark leaf that many pipe smokers love and even more wives and girlfriends hate: latakia. But I did not always like it..
First something about latakia. What is NOT used in the process of making it is camel dung.. Many people think that because of the odour it gives when it is burned. Also latakia is not a ready tobacco. It is an oriental from which the leaves are hung above a smouldering fire so long that the leaves go from a light colour to dark brown or even black. Hence the name, the dark leaf.
Like so many things the discovery of latakia was unintentionally. Somewhere in the 1800’s in the northern part of Syria near the port city Latakia a bumper crop of tobacco was left in the storage attic of a house for many months where it was exposed to household fires and smoke. The following spring the unique flavouring and taste of the left behind tobacco was discovered. At the beginning of the 20th century latakia was used to spice up the then popular Turkish cigarettes. Later when ordinary domestic cigarettes rose in popularity the use of the dark leaf declined. Now it is only found in pipe tobacco blends.
There are 2 kinds of latakia: Syrian and Cyprian.
Syrian latakia is derived from a tobacco leaf known as “shekk-el-bint.” When it is harvest time the plant is cut and the leaves and flowers are laid on the ground to dry in the sun. When they have dried they are taken to storehouses, where they are smoked for a period of 13 to 15 weeks. The smoke is made by primarily using nearby hardwoods and pines, probably from the Baer forest, such as Aleppo pine, Turkey oak and Valonia oak. Also lesser amounts of other aromatic species like Lebanon cedar and Greek Juniper were used. When all is ready the tobacco is known as latakia and is referred to by the Syrians as “Abourihm,” which translates as “king of flavour”. Regarding taste Syrian latakia has a mellow, wine-like, wood-like character. Famous writer Charles Dickens was a big fan of Syrian latakia: “Syria provided the finest tobacco in the world, the Latakia, in the neighbourhood of the ancient and renowned port of Laodicea (Latakia) at the foot of Mount Lebanon. And as Syria provides the finest tobacco in the world, the Prince of Syria, the Emir Bekir, had the reputation one most deservedly, of furnishing to his guests a pipe of tobacco far more complete than any which could be furnished by any rival potentate in the East.“
Cyprian latakia comes from a Smyrna or Izmir-type tobacco plant that is known as “Yellow Cyprus.” The Yellow Cyprus leaves are harvested by de-stalking them and are made on long poles to be hung in a tobacco shed. The leaves are then smoked over open smouldering fires. These fires are made from hardwoods, some pine and aromatic shrubs and woods such as prickly cedar and myrtle. It has been reported that the Mastic shrub is primarily used in the smoke generation for Cyprian latakia. The following formula may approximate the shrubs and woods used for the fire/smoke-curing process: Mastic 90%, Myrtle 4%, Stone pine (this one or this one) 4%, Cypress 1%, Other 1%. The taste of Cyprian latakia is more assertive, sweet and leathery.
When you mix latakia with other tobaccos you have to be careful. Although some others like to smoke it almost pure.. With percentages around 3% to 5% you just start to notice latakia. The sweetness of the Cyprian variant comes alive around 10%. The wine-like character of the Syrian variant begins to emerge at 10% to 12% until it dominates the blend around 30% to 35%. The maximum of Cyprian latakia is around 40% to 50%. However, higher percentages (60%) are possible but then a very skilful blending hand is needed.
I first read about latakia in Janneman’s Pijpenboek. I was growing a bit tired of all the aromatic tobaccos I was smoking. I wanted to taste something new. And I got just that.. My first choice of a mixture with latakia was Peterson Old Dublin simply because it was the only one that the Rokado tobacconist had in stock. At home I anxiously opened the tin and smelled the contents. Whooaahh!!! My nose went open instantaneously. What the……. “Does anyone smoke this??” I thought.. “Wel ok, let’s give it a try.” I picked a Peterson (how fitting), filled it up and lit it. Whooaahh again!! Like smoking wood from a fireplace! I did not really enjoy that first bowl but I was intrigued. After a couple of pipes I liked it a bit more but I still had some reservations. On a visit in Germany I bought a tin of Dunhill Nightcap. “Let’s try that one, maybe it is better.” Well, it was not.. Way too much nicotine for me at that point. I got sick and put the latakia mixture tins aside.
A couple of months later a pipe of me was fixed by a fellow pipe-smoker from Belgium. As a payment he wanted tobacco in stead of money. I knew he liked latakia and I wanted to give him something special. So for the first time I ordered some blends from The States. Peter Stokkebye Balkan Supreme and McClelland 3 Oaks Syrian to be precise. Balkan Supreme came in a zip-lock bag which I put on a shelf in the kitchen. One evening I sat in the living room and suddenly I smelled something very nice. “What is that??” I wondered. I followed my nose to… The zip-lock bag with Balkan Supreme. Of course I could not smoke it, it was the payment for the fixed pipe. But when I visited the fellow pipe-smoker I asked if I could try the tobacco. And luckily I could. It was di-vine! Quickly I ordered a bag of Balkan Supreme for myself.
From then on my love of the dark leaf and the search for new (and vintage) latakia mixtures began. In the time that followed I was able to smoke classic vintage mixtures like Balkan Sobranie Original Mixture, Balkan Sobranie Mixture 759, State Express London Mixture, De Graaff Kegelbaan, Smoker’s Haven Exotique and many more.
Nowadays recommended latakia mixtures are:
– 4noggins: Britt’s Balkan
– Ashton: Artisan’s Blend*, Consummate Gentleman*
– Balkan Sobranie Original Smoking Mixture (by J.F. Germain)
– Charles Faimorn: Lancer’s Slices
– Cornell & Diehl: Star of the East flake, Red Odessa
– DTM: Midnight Ride, Bill Bailey’s Balkan Blend, Old Ironsides
– Dunhill: Nightcap*, Early Morning Pipe*, Standard Mixture Mellow*, My Mixture 965*, London Mixture*
– Esoterica Tobacciana: Penzance, Margate
– GL Pease: Abingdon, Lagonda, Westminster, Odyssee, Samarra, Ashbury
– Hearth & Home: Magnum Opus
– HU Tobacco: Brullende Leeuw, Balkan Passion, My Special One, Olaf’s Favourite English, Khoisaan, Masai, Tuarekh, Tigray, Zulu
– MacBaren HH Vintage Syrian
– McClelland: Frog Morton, Blue Mountain, Wilderness, Old Dog
– Peterson Old Dublin*
– Peter Stokkebye: Balkan Sasieni, Balkan Supreme
– Presbyterian Mixture
– Rattray: Black Mallory*, Red Rapparee*
– Robert McConnell: Scottish Blend*
– Samuel Gawith: Squadron Leader, Skiff Mixture, Perfection*
– Sillem’s Black (one of the only aromatic latakia mixtures)
– Solani Blend 779 Gold*
* Available in The Netherlands
Recently a good friend of mine went on holiday to Cyprus. Amongst other things he wanted to score some Cyprian latakia. After a visit to pipe-maker Yiannos Kokkinos he was directed to the West of the island to a village called Neo Chorio. Because there, in the Akamas region between Neo Chorio and the town of Polis were the tobacco fields where the Yellow Cyprus was grown. WAS grown yes. Several locals said in interviews (my friend had an interpreter with him) that 10 to 15 years ago tobacco production stopped in Cyprus. According to them nowadays the “Cyprian” latakia is produced in the Izmir region of Turkey. Afterwards it is shipped to the Turkish part of Cyprus where it is sold to tobacco brokers as Cyprian latakia. Luckily the quality has not been compromised because of this, I mean, I have not hear anyone complaining that their Cyprian latakia blends tasted worse than before. This story has been confirmed by Per Jensen of MacBaren.
Excellent Latakia article, Arno! Keep up the good work!
Thank you DJ 🙂
Very informative and interesting. Keep up the good work….I am enjoying your posts!
Thank you sir! 🙂
Nice article Arno. I appreciate the clarity of your style.
Thank you! 🙂
Excellent blog Arno, like you can notice at the reactions on the forum. I wonder do you still dislike the peterson old dublin an the dunhill nightcap or has your opinion on them evolved?
Thank you Lestat! To be perfectly honest, I smoked them some times after I discovered Balkan Supreme. But after a few bowls I gave away the tins.. Not my cup of tea.. Or bowl of tobacco 😉
You know, the rotten thing is that I got spoiled by all the offerings of GL Pease. If you don’t know better, than Old Dublin is an excellent smoke. But if you know better…. The only tobaccos available in Europe that can sometimes match those of GL Pease (at least in the latakia department) are those of HU Tobacco in Germany.
I first discovered Latakia when my tobacconist in Valkenswaard sold me a tin of something he didn’t trust. The first bowl was strange, by the end of the tin I wanted more, but it had been the last or only tin….
Half a year or so later I bought a tin of Balkan Sobranie. In very short order several bars requested that I leave and not come back till I had reformed or acquired a pouch of Clan (want dat ruikt STUKKEN beter dan die rotzoii dat ge nu opsteekt), offended sundry classmates who insisted that their unwashed sweaters that reeked of Van Nelle and Samson smelled FAR better, and, probably, inspired night terrors among the refined folk far and wide.
Over the next two years I bought every tin of Balkan Sobranie the tobacconist had. As well as the last three tins of Dunhill Standard Mixture, Nightcap, and 965.
My love affair with Latakia lasted from 1975 or 76 till about three or four years ago. Yes, I’m still fond of it; it smells like home, memory, dreams, freedom. But I’m a bit more inclined to grab an aged Virginia or a flake now.
At present my favourite Lat blend is Greg Pease’s Westminster. But Stokkebye 4th. Generation now has a fifth blend: 1882 Founders Mixture. A lovely old-fashioned English style blend, with a subtlety I never thought the Danes capable of.
thank you for your story! I already read about it in your blog.
Ah, Clan… 9 out of 10 times someone says something about my pipesmoking it is always: my grandfather/father/uncle used to smoke “toffeetabak”. They never know the actual name. “Clan?” “Yes! That’s it!” *sighs*
Yes, the stuff is pretty smelly.. To others of course. I especially like it when I come downstairs in the morning and I smell a faint hint of incense. The pipe of the evening before.
By the way, did they also had “De Graaff” tobaccos at the time you lived in Valkenswaard? Wait..: http://s3.postimg.org/qhajr6rzn/Back_in_town.jpg Very excellent tobaccos!
Our tastes change. Luckily. I never understood the fellow who could smoke Clan all his life..
I can’t get my hands on those 4th Generation blends.. 4noggins does not sell them.. I wish there were more tobacco-companies who shipped to Europe. But the Danes are taking over, Atboth. Last week I was inside the Kohlhase & Kopp factory in Germany to collect the forum-tobaccos (more about that later). I got a tour through the building and to my amazement (and shock) they get all their basic tobaccos from Denmark (read: Orlik). They only have to mix those together and maybe put a little aroma on them..
No, never to the best of my knowledge saw DeGraaf while I was still in Valkenswaard.
Regarding Fourth Generation, try Cup o Joes: http://cupojoes.com/cgi-bin/dept?dpt=F&srch=DF&tier2=453.
CoJ is pretty reliable.
Would you be able to tell me which site you used to order tobacco from America to Holland? I thought this was forbidden, am I wrong?
I am not that impressed with what’s available here in NL.
Hello EJR, if you read tobacco reviews from American blends on my blog you know the site. And the assortment in the Netherlands is only getting smaller.. This week I read that brands like WO Larsen, Stanwell, Orlik and Neptune are being discontinued..
Excellent well done!
Thank you very much!
I remember from many years ago when I smoked a pipe my favorite tobacco was Latakia like a good barbecue it is smoked for a long time and I enjoy it much more than any other tobacco I’ve ever tasted and still try to find a provider of same there was a tobacco brand called Latakia and that is what I am referring to as my experience apparently they’re out of business now and I’m looking for a similar smoking experience. This tobacco would come in a tin in tight rolls sliced thinly
Hello Larry, glad to read you enjoy your latakia 🙂 But a brand called “Latakia”? I am afraid I never heard of it.. How long was it ago? Is it perhaps Mac Baren Latakia Blend Roll Cake? http://www.tobaccoreviews.com/blend/704/mac-baren-latakia-blend
Very interesting and informative, Arno. Thanks for doing all the research.
Ref your comment about Cyprian Latakia now being produced in the Izmir region (which is logical as the pant variant used is Smyrna) I wondered whether anyone had ever tried to grow shekk el bint outside Syria.
Looking at the climate records somewhere inland from the Aegean cost of Turkey might work. Soil types might differ significantly of course.
Thanks for reading Ken! No idea if anyone had ever tried to grow shekk el bint outside Syria.. But it would have been different. Tobacco is very sensitive to the soil it grows on.